Overview


Subject/Sub-Subject: Language Arts/Writing


Title: Investigations: Cartoons: How Have Society's Views of Women Changed Over Time?


Summary:

Students will explore and analyze primary source images of women in the past, writing a reflective summary on how women's responsibilities were viewed in the past and compare them with the present.


Understanding Goal

Primary sources provide a glimpse into how women have been viewed by society over time.

Investigative Question

How have views changed on the role of women in our society?

Grade(s): 5, K
Audience: General
Learners: A class of 21 fifth grade students with average to high reading and writing abilities.
Required Vocabulary: N/A
Prior Content Knowledge: N/A
Standards

Virginia 5th grade language arts standards:Writing Strand
5.8 The student will develop skills in writing by a.creating a plan and organizing their thoughts before writing b.organize and elaborate an effective message for the reader c.guide readers purposefully through the piece.

Field Tests

Click on the title to expand the description of each field test

Sources

Investigations: Cartoons: How Have Society's Views of Women Changed Over Time?

Understanding Goal

Primary sources provide a glimpse into how women have been viewed by society over time.

Click on an image for more information.

Slideshow Icon View as a slideshow
Looking backward / Laura E. Foster. The age of iron: Man as he expects to be For the benefit of the girl about to graduate / Charles Howard Johnson.

Required Materials

Directions

Investigation

Step 1 Show each of the three primary source documents. Ask students to discuss what they see and what they believe the document is telling them about how society felt about the role of the women. Ask students to identify the date, author, and where this document may have been viewed - who was the audience?
Step 2 Lead a discussion on how the attitude reflected in each document about the role of the woman in society has changed in today's world.
Step 3 Direct students to write an informative summary describing what they have learned about how society's views on the role of women have changed. Before students begin, have student discuss what their final essay will contain. Post list of expectations. Ask students to review and revise their writing.
Step 4 Discuss student responses by reflecting back on understanding goal.

Best Instructional Practices


Understanding Goal

Primary sources provide a glimpse into how women have been viewed by society over time.

Investigative Question

How have views changed on the role of women in our society?


Analysis of Student Learning


Students were surprised at the fact that there were actually publications from the past that carried these pictures. They knew that the way society looked at the role of women had changed, but they did not really understand why it was considered so bad for a girl to want an education. The images made the issue more real for them.


Analysis of Best Instructional Practices (learn more)

Differentiated Instruction Differentiated Instruction (learn more)

Product

Students each approached this activity with different backgrounds and prior knowledge of the subject. Their personal responses reflected what they learned and what they thought about the material presented and class discussion.

Literacy Instruction Literacy Instruction(learn more)

Writing

Students were required to formulate an analysis of women's role in past society as it compares to the present through observation of primary source documents, prior knowledge, and class discussion.

Visual

Students analyzed photos.

Teaching for Understanding Teaching for Understanding(learn more)

Explicit Understanding Goal

We talked about their written responses and connected them to UG.

Assessing Understanding

Students wrote about what they learned about the changing roles of women in our society.

Learners Explain Thinking

Students shared their views.

Technology Integration Technology Integration(learn more)

Whole Group Presentation

The class was shown the images in chronologic order using the LCD projector and then the students discussed what they saw.

Reflections and Recommendations


Students were amazed that these images were really published and reflected the way people looked at the role of women in the past. They were surprised that men felt threatened by the idea of women being educated or having jobs. I do recommend that an introduction preceed this lesson. I used this lesson to highlight Women's History month. I also read to the class an article recently published in the Washington Post about the Equal Rights Ammendment. This tied together the fact that the fight for equality is still being fought, although much has improved throughout our history.

Credits

Authors and Contributors

Diane Davis
Ashlawn Elementary School, Arlington County Public Schools, Virginia

Library of Congress Items

Library of Congress items used in this Lesson Plan.

Thumbnail Library of Congress Item
Looking backward / Laura E. Foster. Foster, L. E. 1912. Looking backward / Laura E. Foster. Library of Congress: American Memory, American Women: A Gateway to Library of Congress Resources.
The age of iron: Man as he expects to be Currier & Ives. 1869. The age of iron: Man as he expects to be. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Popular Graphic Arts.
For the benefit of the girl about to graduate / Charles Howard Johnson. Johnson, C. H. 1890. For the benefit of the girl about to graduate / Charles Howard Johnson. Library of Congress: American Memory, American Women: A Gateway to Library of Congress Resources.