Subject Area(s): Social Studies/Language Arts

Grade Level(s): 4

Format of Library of Congress media: Images

Best Instructional Practices


VS.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the reconstruction of Virginia following the Civil War by

  1. identifying the effects of Reconstruction on life in Virginia;
  2. identifying the effects of segregation and "Jim Crow" on life in Virginia;
  3. describing the importance of railroads, new industries, and the growth of cities to Virginia's economic development.

VS.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth century Virginia by

b) identifying the social and political events in Virginia linked to desegregation and Massive Resistance and their relationship to national history;

4.2 The student will make and listen to oral presentations and reports.

  1. Use subject-related information and vocabulary.
  2. Listen to and record information.
  3. Organize information for clarity.

4.6 The student will demonstrate comprehension of information resources to research a topic.

  1. Construct questions about a topic.
  2. Collect information, using the resources of the media center, including online, print, and media resources.
  3. Evaluate and synthesize information.


Approximately five 45 minute periods

Lesson Summary

This lesson should be used as a culminating project once students have studied slavery, the Underground Railroad, the Emancipation Proclamation, Reconstruction, Jim Crow laws, the Civil Rights Movement, and Massive Resistance (as outlined in the fourth grade Virginia Studies curriculum). After exploring and analyzing online primary sources, students will select artifacts to be included in a time capsule. These artifacts will be accompanied by annotated notes that include students' opinions, questions, and inferences. Students will then be asked to present their analysis of at least one item from their time capsule to the class.

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All of the materials used in this lesson plan are available for downloading as PDF Files and PowerPoint files, as appropriate. PDF Files can be viewed with the free Adobe Reader.

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