Resources and perspectives of Pearl Harbor



From the Library of Congress blog - An Inquiry into the Attack on Pearl Harbor:
In the morning hours of December 7, 1941, the Japanese Imperial Navy launched a stunning and destructive attack on the American Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor. On that “date which will live in infamy,” as President Franklin D. Roosevelt remarked, hundreds of Japanese planes attacked in waves. Four American battleships were sunk and four others damaged. Among the battleships lost was the USS Arizona, which was destroyed by armor-piercing bombs that killed 1,177 crewman, accounting for nearly half of the total death toll of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Many cruisers, destroyers, and other ships were damaged along with land installations and aircraft. With a portion of the American Pacific Fleet left burning, the nation was shocked and outraged. That same day, Japanese forces attacked American bases in the Philippines, Guam, and Wake Island, and British bases in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.
The recently released film, Midway, uses information declassified in the 1980s to honor the remarkable American code-breakers and intelligence officers behind the victory at Midway after the devastation of Pearl Harbor. This context debunks the conspiracy theories (addressed in An Inquiry...) involving American intelligence before and after Pearl Harbor. The Library of Congress has vast resources to broaden students' understanding of the war in the Pacific and the repercussions at home, including Executive Order 9066.